March 29, 1947 - New York Times
by Tillman Durdin
Formosa killings are put at 10,000
Foreigners say the Chinese slaughtered demonstrators without provocation
Nanking, March 28, Foreigners who have just returned to China from
Formosa corroborate reports of wholesale slaughter by Chinese troops
and police during anti-Government demonstrations a month ago.
These witnesses estimate that 10,000 Formosans were killed by the Chinese
armed forces. The killings were described as "completely unjustified"
in view of the nature of the demonstrations.
The anti-Government demonstrations were said to have been by unarmed
persons whose intentions were peaceful. Every foreign report to
Nanking denies charges that Communists or Japanese inspired or
organized the parades.
Foreigners who left Formosa a few days ago say that an uneasy peace
had been established almost everywhere, but executions and arrests
continued. Many Formosans were said to have fled to the hills
fearing they would be killed if they returned to their homes.
Three Days of Slaughter:
An American who had just arrived in China from Taihoku said that
troops from the mainland arrived there March 7 and indulged in three
days of indiscriminate killing and looting. For a time everyone seen
on the streets was shot at, homes were broken into and occupants
killed. In the poorer sections the streets were said to have been
littered with dead. There were instances of beheadings and mutilation
of bodies, and women were raped, the American said.
Two foreign women, who were near at Pingtung near Takao, called the
actions of the Chinese soldiers there a "massacre." They said unarmed
Formosans took over the administration of the town peacefully on March
4 and used the local radio station to caution against violence.
Chinese were well received and invited to lunch with the Formosan
leaders. Later a bigger group of soldiers came and launched a sweep
through the streets. The people were machine gunned. Groups were
rounded up and executed.
The man who had served as the town's spokesman was killed. His body
was left for a day in a park and no one was permitted to remove it.
A Briton described similar events at Takao, where unarmed Formosans
had taken over the running of the city. He said that after several
days Chinese soldiers from an outlying fort deployed through the
streets killing hundreds with machine-guns and rifles and raping and
looting. Formosan leaders were thrown into prison, many bound with
thin wire that cut deep into the flesh.
Leaflets Trapped Many
The foreign witnesses reported that leaflets signed with the name of
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek promising leniency, and urging all who
had fled to return, were dropped from airplanes. As a result many
came back to be imprisoned or executed. "There seemed to be a policy
of killing off all the best people," one foreigner asserted. The
foreigners' stories are fully supported by reports of every important
foreign embassy or legation in Nanking.
Formosans are reported to be seeking United Nations' action on their
case. Some have approached foreign consuls to ask that Formosa be put
under the jurisdiction of Allied Supreme Command or be made an American
protectorate. Formosan hostility to the mainland Chinese has deepened.
Two women who described events at Pingtung said that when Formosans
assembled to take over the administration of the town they sang "The
Star Spangled Banner."
Taiwan, Ilha Formosa