SW-4-2-2: Automatic nanomanipulation and self-organizing nanorobot swarms
Prof. Aristides A.G. Requicha, University of Southern California, USA
I will discuss two major results that flow from the work at the USC Laboratory for Molecular Robotics. Both are related to the fundamental issue of building spatial shapes with nanoscale components. The first is a system that uses an Atomic Force Microscope to manipulate nanoparticles with sizes on the order of 10 nm, and constructs spatial patterns automatically, without user intervention. The second is a global-to-local compiler and simulation system that shows how to coordinate a swarm of reactive, stateless nanorobots so as to build an arbitrary shape (approximated by a polygon) in the plane. The swarm organizes itself and is capable of self-repair and (to a limited extent) self-reproduction.
Aristides A. G. Requicha was born in Monte Estoril, Portugal. He received the Engenheiro Electrotécnico degree from the Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon, Portugal, and the Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Rochester. He was a college and high school Valedictorian. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, and is a Fellow of the IEEE, the ACM and the AAAS. Requicha is listed in the ISI Web of Knowledge as a highly cited researcher for the decades 1980-1999. He received the USC Senior Research Award; the first-ever Pierre Bezier Award at the ACM Solid and Physical Modeling Symposium; the Pioneer in Robotics and Automation Award from the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society; and the Distinguished Service Award from the IEEE Nanotechnology Council (NTC). He is currently a Distinguished Lecturer of the NTC. Requicha is a Professor of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering and the Gordon Marshall Chair at USC, was the founding director of the Laboratory for Molecular Robotics, and was the Editor- in-Chief of the IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology until recently.