ENGL 4301
Winter 2000-01

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SHORT ASSIGNMENT #4

This assignment will be due on Tuesday 2 January.

Look up the words in the list given below in four languages: German, French, Italian, and Spanish. Use print dictionaries or find on-line dictionaries at YourDictionary.

 

Which words are cognate in all five languages? Which are cognate in two, three, or four? Which words trace back to a single source ancestral to all five? Which are probably recent imports into one or more of the five? What historical events are encoded in the present words and their etymologies?

 

  1. nail
  2. hammer
  3. eye
  4. door
  5. foot
  6. computer
  7. head
  8. heart
  9. knee
  10. mouth
  11. finger
  12. bed
  13. nose
  14. green
  15. six
  16. seven
  17. wool
  18. egg
  19. wine
  20. moon
  21. black
  22. cow
  23. blue
  24. white
  25. red
  26. glass
  27. cotton
  28. cat
  29. copper
  30. night
  31. dinosaur
  32. paper
  33. tobacco
  34. potato
  35. brother
  36. sister
  37. cheese
  38. book
  39. car
  40. bridge
  41. church
  42. bishop
  43. goose
  44. hundred
  45. star
  46. planet
  47. olive
  48. strike (as in "work stoppage")
  49. fish
  50. psychiatry