Story, Dale

6/17/13

 

GRAPHS, ETC. II

 

                                                Applied                                   “Recreational”

            Non-empirical             normative philosophy*         formal” theory (rational actor)

                                               

            Empirical                     engineering                            theory-oriented

            Example:  Effectiveness of the presidency

            Also:  Political tolerance

1=exists

0=does not exist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sufficient

 

 

Necessary and Sufficient

X

Y

 

 

X

Y

 

1

1

 

 

1

1

 

1

1

 

 

1

1

 

1

1

 

 

1

1

 

0

1

 

 

1

1

 

Ex:

Y is winning an election

 

 

 

 

X is

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Necessary

 

 

 

 

 

X

Y

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

0

 

 

 

 

 

Ex:

Y is revolution

 

 

 

 

 

X is