ANTH 3373 / HONR 3304:
ARCHÆOLOGY OF EGYPT
Prof. Karl Petruso


Syllabus, Fall Semester 2010

Reading Assignments key (both texts are required):
    
     Bard = Kathryn Bard, Introduction to the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt (2007)
     BT = Douglas Brewer and Emily Teeter, Egypt and the Egyptians (2nd ed., 2007)
   
Web links to assigned readings are shown in blue.

ALL ASSIGNMENTS ARE TO BE COMPLETED IN ADVANCE OF ASSOCIATED LECTURES


Th Aug 26
Introduction to the course. Scope, policies, syllabus, resources
Assignment: None

T Aug 31
A brief introduction to archaeology. Sites and artifacts: Methods and tools of archaeological fieldwork and analysis. Preservation. Dating methods.
Assignment: Read this syllabus in detail, noting important dates. Examine maps of Egypt and the periodization of Egyptian history to prepare for the geography and chronology quiz on Sept. 14 (begin here).
      If you have not had any previous coursework in or formal exposure to archaeology, you will find it useful to browse any of Brian Fagan's college textbooks on archaeology, particularly his In the Beginning; or, at a more rigorous and comprehensive level, Colin Renfrew and Paul Bahn's Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice.

Th Sept 2
Geography and environment of Egypt. Dichotomies. The River Nile: hydrology and rhythms
Assignment: Bard pp. 47-58; BT ch. 2

T Sept 7
Ancient Egyptian chronology and chronography
Assignment: Bard pp. 36-44; BT ch. 3

Th Sept 9
The "discovery" of ancient Egypt. European exploreres, antiquarians and early archaeologists. The phenomenon of Orientalism
Assignment: Bard ch. 1; BT ch. 1; Emory University webpage on Orientalism

T Sept 14
Egyptology comes of age, 1900 to present.
Assignment: none.
>>> QUIZ: Ancient Egyptian chronology and geography <<<

Th Sept 16
Ancient Egyptian languages and scripts. Reading Egyptian literature
Assignment: Bard pp. 25-36; BT ch. 8.

T Sept 21
Introduction to daily life in ancient Egypt. Houses, villages and towns. Urbanism?
Assignment: Bard pp. 58-65; BT ch. 4 and pp. 142-153

Th Sept 23
Paleolithic Egypt: hunting, fishing and gathering economies
Assignment: Bard pp. 69-79

T Sept 28
Neolithic Egypt: the introduction of agriculture
Assignment: Bard pp. 80-88
Divertissement: Read "The Tale of the Shipwrecked Sailor," a short story much beloved by the ancient Egyptians. The translation I recommend is in Ancient Egyptian Literature: An Anthology, translated by John L. Foster. (University of Texas Press, 2001). You can access it through the UTA Library search page. Go to the book’s table of contents and click on the story title. You can print it out (1 page intro and 8 pages of verse).

Th Sept 30
>>> EXAM NO. 1 <<<
Bring a Scantron Form 882-E and a no. 2 pencil to class. Neither Scantron forms nor pencils will be provided to you.


T Oct 5
Predynastic Egypt: survey
Assignment: Bard pp. 91-104

Th Oct 7
Understanding origins of complex society. Theories and models

T Oct 12
Early dynastic Egypt. Saqqara and Abydos. The evidence of labels and palettes
Assignment: Bard pp. 104-120; the Narmer Palette

Th Oct 14
Old Kingdom I: survey of art and society
Assignment: BT pp. 194-204

T Oct 19
Old Kingdom II: pyramids, pyramid complexes and pyramid fields
Assignment: Bard pp. 123-162; BT pp. 176-182
>>> Paper topics due in writing <<<

Th Oct 21
Old Kingdom III: pyramid construction in theory and practice.
Assignment: none. The NOVA documentary "Pyramid" (1997) will be shown in class

T Oct 26
The end of the Old Kingdom and the First Intermediate Period. Survey of Middle Kingdom Egypt. Buhen and Uronarti and the defense of the southern border
Assignment: Bard pp. 152-194; BT pp 69-71; The Admonitions of Ipuwer

Th Oct 28
Egyptian religion I: cosmology, creation myths, deities. Ma'at
Assignment: BT ch. 6; Charles Long's essay on Egyptian mythology

T Nov 2
Egyptian religion II: Afterlife. Death and burial
Assignment: BT ch. 10; Egyptian Book of the Dead, ch. 125; Precepts of Ptah-Hotep; Theban Mapping Project articles on Funerary Compositions and Funerary Equipment

Th Nov 4
>>>  EXAM no. 2  <<<
Bring a Scantron Form 882-E and a no. 2 pencil to class. Neither Scantron forms nor pencils will be provided to you.


F Nov 5
LAST DAY TO DROP WITH A W

T Nov 9
Egyptian religion III: Origin of the Egyptian temple. Hierakonpolis. Karnak, Abydos and Dendera: architecture, ritual and cult.
Assignment: Bard pp. 235-240; BT 159-164

Th Nov 11
The Second Intermediate Period. Avaris. The Hyksos. The dawn of the New Kingdom
Assignment: Bard pp. 195-206

T Nov 16
Tell el Amarna. Akhenaton, the heretic pharaoh. The Amarna correspondence
Assignment: Bard pp. 221-229; The Great Hymn to the Aten; Amarna Letters from the kings of Babylonia, Cyprus and Hatti:
EA7, EA35 and 38, EA41

Th Nov 18
Tutankhamun: life, death, burial, discovery and excavation. Egypt and Egyptians in the wider world: the Mediterranean, Anatolia, Nubia
Assignment: Bard pp. 229-235; BT pp. 153-59; Theban Mapping Project website, virtual tour of Tutankhamun's tomb (pull down Valley of the Kings menu to KV62); Mursilis' letter: a royal Egyptian widow and a murdered Hittite prince?

T Nov 23
Beyond Tutankhamun: Theban royal tombs of the New Kingdom. Tomb of Seti I. KV5. Ramesses the Great: Exploits and monuments
Assignment: Bard pp. 240-255; Theban Mapping Project website, articles on KV5 History, KV5 Excavation and KV5 Finds. Also, view the online movie and take the virtual tour of KV5 (pull down Valley of the Kings menu to KV5)

Th Nov 25
>>> THANKSGIVING HOLIDAY <<<

T Nov 30
Travel, transport, ships and boats. Trade with the outside world.
Assignment: Ships and Boats: the archaeological evidence

Th Dec 2
The Medinet Habu. The "Peoples of the Sea": an exercise in ancient ethnicity, geography and toponymy. The end of the New Kingdom.
Assignment:
The Incursions of the Sea Peoples; The Tale of Sinuhe

T Dec 7
Daily life in ancient Egypt II: Agriculture, foodways, clothing, furniture, industries, leisure.
Assignment: Bard pp. 58-65; BT ch. 4 and pp. 142-153

Th Dec 9
Excavating an Egyptian site of late antiquity. The end of Egyptian antiquity and the Arab invasion.
Assignment: BT ch. 12

Th Dec 16
>>> FINAL EXAM, 8:00-10:30 am (non-cumulative) <<<
Bring a Scantron Form 882-E and a no. 2 pencil to class. Neither Scantron forms nor pencils will be provided to you.



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