ANTH 3371/HONR 3304:
Archæology of Classical Greece

Prof. Karl Petruso, Program in Anthropology
Fall Semester 2011

(subject to change)

     Reading assignments listed by author's last name (and handouts, which will be found in the course Blackboard folder) are listed below. Readings are to be completed before their associated lectures. Students should be prepared to summarize the main ideas of the assigned readings and discuss them in class.
      The dates for the quiz and the exams will not change. Every effort will be made to keep to the schedule of lectures as listed below; should any changes be necessary, however, announcements will be made in class and email notices will be sent. Moreover, because many assigments are hyperlinks to online articles as well as illustrations chosen to supplement the textbooks, students are encouraged to bookmark this page and view it regularly.

Th Aug 25
Introduction to the course. Course policies, requirements, resources
T Aug 30
The discipline of archaeology: A survey of archaelogical method and theory. Importance of context. Dating. Preservation and inference Students who have had no formal exposure to archaeology (e.g., ANTH 2339) are encouraged to browse one of the excellent university-level textbooks by Brian Fagan, Ashmore and Sharer, Colin Renfrew and Paul Bahn, or David Hurst Thomas
Th Sept 1
Introduction to classical archaeology. Origins and development of the discipline. Distinctiveness of classical archaeology. Whitley, ch. 1-3. Poopsheet: Material to be Mastered for Geography and Chronology Quiz. Browse the maps in the Maps file.
T Sept 6
Greek geography, environment and natural resources. Chronology and chronography. The ancient Greek alphabet and its pronunciation Whitley, ch. 4. Poopsheets: The Ancient Greek Alphabet; Some Ancient Greek Words; browse the maps in the Maps file
Th Sept 8
Bronze Age I: Mycenaean origins. Discovery and early inerpretations.The Shaft Graves. Fortress architecture, palaces, royal burials. QUIZ: Geography, chronology and alphabet of ancient Greece Biers, pp. 62-78

T Sept 13

Bronze Age II: Mycenaean major and minor arts. Ceramic technology and taxonomy. Warfare, trade and foreign relations.
Biers, pp. 78-96
Th Sept 15
Bronze Age III: Writing.The Linear B script and its decipherment. What the tablets tell us about Mycenaean society. Sources for Mycenaean religion. Mycenaean history?
Poopsheets: Some Linear B (Mycenaean Greek) Words; Titles in Linear B; Deities in Linear B
T Sept 20
The end of the Mycenaean Empire and the Greek Dark Age Whitley, ch. 5
Th Sept 22
Orientalizing: Greek expansion in the eastern Mediterranean Whitley, ch. 6. Read the description of the centaur excavated at Volos in central Greece
T Sept 27
EXAM NO. 1. Bring a Scantron Form 882-E and a no. 2 pencil to class. Neither Scantron forms nor pencils will be provided to you.
Covering all lectures and readings, Aug. 25 through Sept. 22
Th Sept 29
Literacy regained. The Greek alphabet, a democratic invention: origin and evolution. Rupestral inscriptions, engraved pots, lawcodes. Impact of literacy
Whitley, pp. 128-33. Review relevant poopsheets on Blackboard
T Oct 4
The Greek Sanctuary I: Origins, functions, significance. Olympia and the Olympic Games Whitley, ch. 7. Map of Greek sanctuaries in Maps file. Perseus tour of Olympia
Th Oct 6
The Greek Sanctuary II: Temple architecture, form and function Poopsheets: Doric and Ionic orders; Doric temple plan. Odyssey article on Greek temples
T Oct 11
Civic institutions: The polis. The nature of Greek urbanism. Cities, city planning and city life. Whitley, pp. 165-179.
Th Oct 13
Overview of ArchaicGreek art. Narrative. Origin of monumental sculpture in stone. Kouroi and korai: Style and problems of interpretation Whitley, ch. 9. Reed College page on kouroi
T Oct 18
The Greek Sanctuary III: Delphi and the Delphic Oracle in art, legend and history. Geological investigations. Eleusis and the controversy of the Eleusinian Mysteries  
Th Oct 20
Film: The Ancient Mariners (Odyssey series, 1981)
T Oct 25
The Greeks at War. Hoplites: citizen soldiers. Strategy and tactics. The Persian invasion and the battles of Marathon and Salamis. The ascendancy of Athens and the Athenian Empire
Whitley, pp. 179-188. Online articles on the Battle of Marathon and the Battle of Salamis. Poopsheet: translation of the Themistokles Decree
Th Oct 27
The economy of Archaic Greece. Invention and evolution of coinage. Amphoras and the wine trade in antiquity

Whitley, pp. 188-194. Peruse Barbara McManus's stunning photographs of ancient Greek coins (focusing on those of the 6th-4th centuries BCE)

T Nov 1
EXAM NO. 2. Bring a Scantron Form 882-E and a no. 2 pencil to class. Neither Scantron forms nor pencils will be provided to you.
Covering all lectures and readings, Sept. 29-Oct. 27

Th Nov 3
Last day to drop Nov 4

Introduction to classical art: Sculpture in the round and architecural reliefs. Vase painting
Whitley, ch. 11
T Nov 8
The Athenian Acropolis: Monuments, cults, history Whitley, pp. 342-356
Th Nov 10
Archaeology of daily life: Houses and households. The Athenian Agora: Commercial life of the city. Stoas: form and function
An Ancient Shopping Center: The Athenian Agora (entire)
T Nov 15
Health, disease and medicine in ancient Greece. Asklepios and Epidauros. Diagnosing the Plague at Athens
Asclepieion at Corinth (from Nancy Demand's website on ancient medicine) Poopsheet: Thucydides on the Plague in Athens.
Th Nov 17
Technology in the classical period: Quarrying and building in stone; metalworking; ceramics; carpentry; weaving; timekeeping. The Antikythera Mechanism  
T Nov 22
Death and burial in ancient Greece: Funerary ritual. Burial grounds. Grave monuments and sumptuary laws Whitley, pp. 363-375; article on the Nekromanteion in Epiros
Th Nov 24
T Nov 29
Athens: The archaeology of democracy. Legislation, voting, trials and ostracism. The trial, imprisonment and execution of Socrates The Athenian Citizen (entire). Whitley, pp. 329-341 and 356-375. Poopsheet: The Structure of Classical Athenian Democracy
Th Dec 1
Beyond Athens: The ancient countryside. Farmsteads and villas. Olive cultivation, cereal agriculture and viticulture. Apiculture. Horses and horsemanship. Regional variety
Whitley, ch. 14
T Dec 6
The Greeks on the sea. Warships and cargo ships. Sailing and rowing. Nautical archaeology in the Mediterranean Muses at work article
Th Dec 8
Vergina and the Tomb of Philip II of Macedon. Philippian forensics. Alexander the Great and his world. The dawn of Hellenism Whitley, ch 15; remains of Philip II?; re-reappraisal of the bones
FINAL EXAM. Bring a Scantron Form 882-E and a no. 2 pencil to class. Neither Scantron forms nor pencils will be provided to you.
Cumulative, but emphasizing lectures and readings, Nov. 3-Dec. 8