Punctuation and Spelling

  • Use American (U.S.) punctuation and spelling except for quotations.
  • Use italics for book titles, etc. Do not use bold or underlining.
  • Use only one space after terminal punctuation marks.
  • Use en-dashes for inclusive numbers or dates and em-dashes in place of double hyphens.
  • Retain original spelling and punctuation in quotations from early modern sources except for the long 's'. Do not modernize.
  • Use block quotations (set off by 5 spaces) for two or more lines of verse and for five or more lines of prose.
  • All other quotations should be integrated into the text (run in). Use the three-dot method for ellipses. See the Chicago Manual of Style 15th Edition for details.
  • For drama and poetry, give complete citation information in a note on the first use. For the second and all subsequent citations use in-text parenthetical citation.
  • Use Arabic numerals for all drama and poetry section citations.


  • Place note superscripts at the end of the sentence to which they apply.
  • Group all citations for a single sentence into a single note.
  • Include ACCURATE page numbers for quotations of all works other than poetry or plays. Please proof your references.
  • Use notes for all prose sources including primary sources.
  • Any acknowledgment note should be set as an unnumbered note at the top of the endnotes.
  • Do not indent notes.
  • Include complete bibliographic information in the first note for each cited work: author(s), editor(s), or author(s) and editor(s); full title (including subtitle); place of publication; publisher; year; total number of volumes if a multivolume work; translator and/or compiler if applicable.
  • Do not include URLs for electronic sources (for this issue only).
  • Do not include a separate bibliography.
  • Spell out periodical titles at their first citation and abbreviate thereafter.

For a quick reference check for footnoting style, check this reference from the University of Georgia Libraries.