(excluding site reports)

       The following works will be of use to you in this course. They are recommended as starting sources for your research papers and as reliable supplements to your course texts. This list is selective and in some cases idiosyncratic; it should by no means be construed as comprehensive.


Aldred, Cyril, The Egyptians, 3rd ed. (London 1998)
Baines, J. and J. Malek, Atlas of Ancient Egypt (rev. ed., New York 2000)
Harris, J.R., ed., The Legacy of Egypt (2nd ed.). Oxford 1971
James, T.G.H., An Introduction to Ancient Egypt (London 1979)
James, T.G.H., Ancient Egypt: The Land and its Legacy (Austin 1988)
Kees, H., Ancient Egypt: A Cultural Topography (Chicago 1961)
Kemp, Barry, Ancient Egypt: Anatomy of a Civilization (New York 1992)
Ruffle, J., The Egyptians (Ithaca 1977)
Trigger, Bruce, Early Civilizations: Ancient Egypt in Context (Cairo and New York 1993)
White, J. E. Manchip, Ancient Egypt: Its Culture and History (New York 1970)
Wilson, John A., The Culture of Ancient Egypt (Chicago 1951)


Adkins, L. and R., The Keys of Egypt: The Obsession to Decipher Egyptian Hieroglyphs (New York 2000)
Carter, Howard and A.C. Mace, The Discovery of the Tomb of Tutankhamen (New York 1977)
Clayton, P.A., The Rediscovery of Ancient Egypt: Artists and Travelers in the 19th Century (New York 1982)
David, Rosalie, Discovering Ancient Egypt (New York 1993)
Edwards, Amelia, A Thousand Miles Up the Nile (London 1891)
Fagan, B., The Rape of the Nile (New York 1975)
Gillispie, Charles and M. Dewachter, eds., Monuments of Egypt: The Napoleonic Edition (complete archaeological plates from Description de l'Egypte, with essays), 2 vols. Princeton 1987
Gillispie, Charles, "The Scientific Importance of Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign." Scientific American 271 (Sept. 1994), pp. 78-85
Greener, L., The Discovery of Egypt (New York 1966)
Herodotus, The Histories (Book II is on Egypt). Many translations and editions available
James, T.G.H., Excavating in Egypt: The Egypt Exploration Society, 1882-1982 (London 1982)
James, T.G.H., Howard Carter: The Path to Tutankhamun (New York 1992)
Lloyd, A.B., Herodotus Book II: Commentary 1-98 (Leiden 1976)
Petrie, W.M.F., Ten Years' Digging in Egypt (London 1891)
Reeves, N. and J.H. Taylor, Howard Carter: Before Tutankhamun (London 1992)
Said, Edward, Orientalism (New York 1978)
Thomas, Nancy, The American Discovery of Ancient Egypt (New York, 1996)
Thompson, Jason, Sir Gardner Wilkinson and his Circle (Austin 1992)
Vercoutter, Jean, The Search for Ancient Egypt (New York 1992)
Waddell, W.G. (ed.), Herodotus: Book II (London 1956)
Wilson, John A., Signs and Wonders Upon Pharaoh (Chicago 1964)


Bell, Barbara, "Climate and the History of Egypt: The Middle Kingdom." American Journal of Archaeology 79 (1975), pp. 223-269
Bell, Barbara, "The Dark Ages in Ancient History, I: The First Dark Age in Egypt." American Journal of Archaeology 75 (1971), pp. 1-26
Bell, Barbara, "The Oldest Records of the Nile Floods." Geographical Journal 136 (1970), pp. 569-573
Butzer, Karl, Early Hydraulic Civilization in Egypt: A Study in Cultural Ecology (Chicago 1976)
Said, Rushdi, "The Geological Evolution of the River Nile." In Fred Wendorf and Anthony Marks, eds., Problems in Prehistory: North Africa and the Levant (Dallas 1975), pp. 7-44
Wendorf, Fred, R. Schild and A. Close, Egypt During the Last Interglacial (New York 1993)
Wittfogel, Karl, Oriental Despotism (New York 1981)


Adams, Barbara, Ancient Hierakonpolis, with Supplement (Warminster 1974)
Adams, Barbara, Predynastic Egypt (Aylesbury 1988)
Arkell, A.J., The Prehistory of the Nile Valley (reissued Leiden 1975)
Bard, Kathryn, From Farmers to Pharaohs: Mortuary Evidence for the Rise of Complex Society in Egypt (Sheffield 1994)
Emery, W., Archaic Egypt (New York 1972)
Hayes, W.C., Most Ancient Egypt (Chicago 1965)
Hoffman, Michael, Egypt Before the Pharaohs (New York 1979)
Hoffman, Michael, The First Egyptians (Charleston, SC 1988)
McBurney, C., The Stone Age of Northern Africa (Harmondsworth 1960)
Rice, Michael, Egypt's Making: The Origins of Ancient Egypt, 5000-2000 B.C. (New York 1991)
Smith, Philip E.L., "Stone-Age Man on the Nile." Scientific American, August 1976


Bagnall, R., Egypt in Late Antiquity (Princeton 1993)
Bell, H. I., Egypt From Alexander the Great to the Arab Conquest (Oxford 1948)
Bowman, A., Egypt After the Pharaohs (Berkeley 1986)
Breasted, J., A History of Egypt from the Earliest Times to the Persian Conquest (2nd ed.). London 1927
Cambridge Ancient History, vols. I-II (Cambridge 1970-1975)
Fraser, Peter M., Ptolemaic Alexandria (3 vols.). Oxford 1972
Gardiner, A., Egypt of the Pharaohs (Oxford 1961)
Grimal, N., A History of Ancient Egypt ((Oxford 1992)
Shaw, I., ed. The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt (Oxford 2000)
Steindorff, G. and K. Seele, When Egypt Ruled the East (2nd ed., Chicago 1957)
Trigger, B., et al., Ancient Egypt: A Social History (Cambridge 1983)


Aldred, C., Egyptian Art in the Days of the Pharaohs (New York 1985)
Aldred, C., The Development of Egyptian Art (3 vols.). London 1965
Arnold, D., Building in Egypt: Pharaonic Stone Masonry (Oxford 1997)
Badawy, Alexander, A History of Egyptian Architecture (3 vols.). Berkeley 1966-1968
Cenival, Jean-Louis de, Egypt (vol. 4 in Architecture of the World series), Lausanne, n.d.
Clarke, Somers and R. Engelbach, Ancient Egyptian Construction and Architecture (Oxford 1930)
Davis, Whitney, Masking the Blow: The Scene of Representation in Late Prehistoric Egyptian Art (Berkeley 1992)
Edwards, I.E.S., The Pyramids of Egypt (2nd ed., Harmondsworth 1961)
Fakhry, Ahmed, The Pyramids (Chicago 1961)
Hayes, W.C., The Scepter of Egypt (2 vols.). New York 1959, revised 1990
Hope, Colin, Egyptian Pottery (Aylesbury 1987)
Iverson, E., Canon and Proportion in Egyptian Art (2nd ed.). Warminster 1976
Lehner, Mark, The Complete Pyramids (T&H, 1997)
Murnane, W. United with Eternity: A Concise Guide to the Monuments of Medinet Habu (Chicago and Cairo 1980)
Murray, M., Egyptian Temples (London 1931)
Robins, Gay, Proportion and Style in Ancient Egyptian Art (Austin 1993)
Schaefer, H., Principles of Egyptian Art (Oxford 1974)
Smith, William Stevenson, The Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt (rev. by William Kelly Simpson). New York 1981
Uphill, Eric P., Egyptian Towns and Cities (Aylesbury 1988)
Wilkinson, Richard H., Complete Temples of Ancient Egypt (New York, 2000)
Woldering, I., The Art of Egypt: The Time of the Pharaohs (New York 1963)


Clagett, Marshall, Ancient Egyptian Science (2 vols.). Philadelphia, 1992 and 1995
Gillings, Richard J., Mathematics in the Time of the Pharaohs (Cambridge, MA 1972)
Halioula, Bruno and Bernard Ziskind, Medicine in the Days of the Pharaohs (Cambridge, MA 2005)
Harris, J.R., "Technology and Materials." In J.R. Harris, ed., The Legacy of Egypt (2nd ed.), pp. 83-111
Jenkins, Nancy, The Boat Beneath the Pyramid (London 1980)
Jones, Dilwyn, Boats (Austin 1995)
Landström, Bjorn, Ships of the Pharaohs (New York 1970)
Lucas, A., Ancient Egyptian Materials and Industries (4th rev. ed. by J.R. Harris). London 1962
Nicholson, Paul and I. Shaw, Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology (Cambridge 1999)
Petrie, W.M.F., The Arts and Crafts of Ancient Egypt (Edinburgh 1909)
Petrie, W.M.F., Tools and Weapons (London 1917)
Petrie, W.M.F., Ancient Weights and Measures (London 1926)
Scheel, Bernd, Egyptian Metalworking and Tools (Aylesbury 1989)
Shaw, Ian, Egyptian Warfare and Weapons (Aylesbury 1991)
Ward, Cheryl, Sacred and Secular: Ancient Egyptian Ships and Boats (Philadelphia 2000)


Breasted, James H., Ancient Records of Egypt (5 vols.). Chicago 1907
W.G. Waddell, tr., Manetho (London 1940)
Parker, R.A., The Calendars of Ancient Egypt (Chicago 1950)
Pritchard, James B., The Ancient Near East: An Anthology of Texts and Pictures (2 vols.). Princeton 1971


Arnett, William, The Predynastic Origin of Egyptian Hieroglyphs (Washington 1982)
Baines, John, "Communication and Display: The Integration of Early Egyptian Art and Writing." Antiquity 63 (1989), pp. 471-82
Cohen, R. and R. Westbrook, eds., Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnings of International Relations (Baltimore 1999)
Davies, W. V., Egyptian Hieroglyphs (Berkeley 1987)
Erman, A., The Ancient Egyptians: A Sourcebook of their Writings (London 1927, reprinted Gloucester, MA 1978)
Faulkner, Raymond, tr., The Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead (Austin 1990)
Foster, John, Love Songs of the New Kingdom (Austin 1992)
Gardiner, Sir A., Egyptian Grammar (3rd ed., Oxford 1957)
Iversen, Erik, The Myth of Egypt and its Hieroglyphics (Princeton 1969)
Lichtheim, Miriam, Ancient Egyptian Literature (3 vols.). Berkeley 1975-1980
Loprieno, Anthony, Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction (Cambridge 1995)
Moran, William, ed., The Amarna Letters (Baltimore 1992)
Maspero, Guy, Popular Stories of Ancient Egypt (tr. from 4th French ed., New Hyde Park 1967)
Parkinson, R., Cracking Codes: The Rosetta Stone and Decipherment (Berkeley 1999)
Parkinson, R., Voices from Ancient Egypt (Norman, OK 1991)
Parkinson, R. and S. Quirke, Papyrus (Austin 1995)
Parkinson, R., tr., The Tale of Sinuhe and Other Ancient Egyptian Poems, 1940-1640 B.C. (Oxford 1997)
Pope, Maurice, The Story of Archaeological Decipherment (ch. 1-3). New York 1975
Quirke, Stephen and C. Andrews, The Rosetta Stone: Facsimile Drawing (New York 1988)
Silverman, David, Language and Writing in Ancient Egypt (Pittsburgh 1990)
Simpson, W., Faulkner, R., and Wente, E., The Literature of Ancient Egypt (New Haven 1973)
Wente, Edward, Letters from Ancient Egypt (Atlanta 1990)
Zauzich, Karl-Theodor, Hieroglyphs Without Mystery: An Introduction to Ancient Egyptian Writing (Austin 1992)

MYTHOLOGY, RELIGION, AND MAGIC (see also Death and Burial, below)

Allen, J.P. Genesis in Egypt: The Philosophy of Ancient Egyptian Creation Accounts (New Haven 1988)
Andrews, Carol, Amulets of Ancient Egypt (Austin 1994)
Anthes, R., "Mythology in Ancient Egypt," in S. Kramer, ed., Mythologies of the Ancient World (Garden City, New York 1961)
Bleeker, C.J., Egyptian Festivals: Enactments of Religious Renewal (Leiden 1967)
Bomann, Ann H., The Private Chapel in Ancient Egypt (New York 1991)
Breasted, J., Development of Religion and Thought in Ancient Egypt (New York 1940)
Cerny, J., Ancient Egyptian Religion (London 1952)
Faulkner, R.O., Ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts (3 vols.). Warminster 1978
Faulkner, R.O., Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts (Warminster 1969)
Frankfort, H., Ancient Egyptian Religion: An Interpretation (New York 1948)
Griffith, F.Ll. and H. Thompson, eds., The Leyden Papyrus: An Egyptian Magical Book (London 1904)
Hart, George, Egyptian Myths (London 1990)
Hooke, S., Middle Eastern Mythology (ch. 2, "Egyptian Mythology"). Harmondsworth 1963
Hornung, Erik, Akhenaten and the Religion of Light (Ithaca, NY)
James, T.G.H., Myths and Legends of Ancient Egypt (New York 1971)
Mercatante, Anthony, Who's Who in Egyptian Mythology (New York 1978)
Morenz, S., Egyptian Religion (Ithaca, NY 1973)
Pinch, Geraldine, Magic in Ancient Egypt (Austin 1994)
Quirke, S., Ancient Egyptian Religion
Ritner, Robert, The Mechanics of Ancient Egyptian Magical Practice (Chicago 1993)
Shafer, Byron, ed., Religion in Ancient Egypt (Ithaca 1991)
Spence, Lewis, Ancient Egyptian Myths and Legends (London 1915)
Watterson, B., The Gods of Ancient Egypt New York 1984
Wilson, John A., "Egypt," ch. 2-4 in H. Frankfort et al., Before Philosophy (Harmondsworth 1949)

DEATH AND BURIAL (see also Mythology, Religion, and Magic, above)

Andrews, Carol, Egyptian Mummies (Cambridge, MA 1984)
Bierbrier, Morris, The Tomb Builders of the Pharaohs (Cairo and New York 1982)
Brier, Bob, Egyptian Mummies: Unraveling the Secrets of an Ancient Art (New York 1994)
Cockburn, A. and E., Mummies, Disease and Ancient Cultures (Cambridge 1984)
D'Auria, Sue, P. Lacovara and C. Roehrig, eds., Mummies and Magic: The Funerary Arts of Ancient Egypt (Boston 1988)
David, Ann Rosalie, ed., The Mummy's Tale: The Scientific and Medical Investigation of Natsef-Amun, Priest in the Temple at Karnak (New York 1992)
Dodson, A., The Canopic Equipment of the Kings of Egypt (London 1994)
El Mahdy, Christine, Mummies, Myth, and Magic (New York 1989)
Faulkner, R.O., The Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead (New York 1985)
Hamilton-Paterson, J. and Carol Andrews, Mummies: Death and Life in Ancient Egypt (Harmondsworth 1978)
Harris, James and Kent Weeks, X-Raying the Pharaohs (New York 1973)
Romano, James F., Death, Burial, and Afterlife in Ancient Egypt (Pittsburgh 1990)
Spencer, A.J., Death in Ancient Egypt (London 1982)
University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, The Egyptian Mummy: Secrets and Science (Philadelphia 1980)


Decker, Wolfgang, Sports and Games of Ancient Egypt (New Haven 1992)
Erman, Adolf, Life in Ancient Egypt (London 1894)
Lesko, Leonard H., ed., Pharaoh's Workers: The Villagers of Deir el Medina (Ithaca, NY 1994)
Manniche, Lisa, An Ancient Egyptian Herbal (Austin 1989)
Manniche, Lisa, Music and Musicians in Ancient Egypt (New York 1992)
Manniche, Lisa, Sexual Life in Ancient Egypt (New York 1987)
Meskell, Lynn, Private Life in Ancient Egypt (Princeton 2002)
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Egypt's Golden Age: The Art of Living in the New Kingdom, 1558-1085 B.C. (Boston 1982)
O'Connor, David, Ancient Egyptian Society (Pittsburgh 1990)
Romano, James F., Daily Life of the Ancient Egyptians (Pittsburgh 1990)
Robins, Gay, Women in Ancient Egypt (Cambridge, MA 1993)
Romer, John, Ancient Lives: Daily Life in Egypt of the Pharaohs (New York 1984)
Safirio, L., "Food and Dietary Habits in Ancient Egypt." In D. Brothwell and C. Chiarelli, eds., Population Biology of the Ancient Egyptians (New York 1973)
White, Jon M., Everyday Life in Ancient Egypt (London 1963)
Wilkinson, J.G., The Ancient Egyptians: Their Life and Customs (2 vols.), London 1936
Wilson, Hilary, Egyptian Food and Drink (Aylesbury 1988)
Winlock, H.E., Models of Daily Life in Ancient Egypt (Cambridge 1955)


Adams, William Y., Nubia: Corridor to Africa (Princeton 1977)
Davies, W. and L. Schofield, eds., Egypt, the Aegean and the Levant: Interconnections in the Second Millennium BC (London 1995)
Dothan, Trude and Moshe Dothan, People of the Sea (New York 1992)
Gray, John, The Canaanites (New York 1964)
Gurney, Oliver, The Hittites (2nd ed., Harmondsworth 1954)
Harden, Donald, The Phoenicians (London 1962)
Hood, Sinclair, The Minoans (New York 1971)
Kantor, The Aegean and the Orient in the Second Millenium B.C.
Karageorghis, Vassos, Cyprus from the Stone Age to the Romans (London 1982)
Macqueen, J.G., The Hittites and their Contemporaries in Asia Minor (Boulder 1975)
O'Connor, David, Ancient Nubia: Egypt's Rival in Africa (Philadelphia 1993)
Sandars, N.K., The Sea Peoples: Warriors of the Ancient Mediterranean (London 1978)
Save-Soderbergh, T. (ed.), Temples and Tombs of Ancient Nubia (New York 1987)
Shinnie, P.L., Meroe: A Civilization of the Sudan (New York 1967)
Taylour, Lord William, The Mycenaeans (rev. ed.). London 1983
Trigger, Bruce, Nubia Under the Pharaohs (London 1976)
Ward, William, Egypt and the East Mediterranean World, 2200-1900 B.C. (Beirut 1971)


       The primary scholarly journal in English is the Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, published in England. Egypt is covered fairly well in the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research and Biblical Archaeologist (renamed Near Eastern Archaeology in 1997). Biblical Archaeologist is not to be confused with the Biblical Archaeology Review. A popular magazine that focuses on Egypt is KMT. The journals Antiquity and American Journal of Archaeology and the magazine Archaeology are very reputable, and occasionally publish articles on ancient Egypt.


       As is the case with all websites, their reliability for scholarly purposes varies greatly. Here are a few that are worth browsing; they should be useful to you in your research and as a complement to your assigned reading for the course:

Archaeology of Egypt: Research Resources, a listing of online articles, dissertations and reference works compiled by John Dillard, Anthropology Subject Librarian in the UTA Libraries. This is an invaluable compilation of general and specific works which will be of use to you as you explore your research paper topic.

The Ancient Egypt Site, composed by André Dollinger, is reliable and useful, and is the source of many of the assigned readings on the syllabus.

UCLA Egyptology website
A good scholarly website, with useful links to databases, ancient texts, and downloadable hieroglyphic fonts.

Theban Mapping Project
This is one of the most stunning websites you will find, providing among other things a beautifully instructive interactive tour of the Valley of the Kings. It is very rich in visuals, and repays frequent visits.

Egyptian Collection of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

The Boston Museum of Fine Arts has one of the finest collections of Egyptian art in the world. In December 2000 the MFA website commenced a four-year project of posting its extensive archives on its archaeological investigations at Giza, where the museum conducted research in collaboration with Harvard University from 1905 to 1942. This site will surely repay frequent consultation over the coming years.

Egyptology Resources at the University of Cambridge
This site is maintained by a scholar at the Newton Institute of the University of Cambridge, but is not an official academic site. It contains links to universities, museums, professional organizations, and journals, and is worth surfing.

North Texas Society of the American Research Center in Egypt
The local ARCE chapter sponsors frequent guest lectures and workshops by eminent Egyptologists who visit from universities and museums around the world. The events are held in the evenings, most often at SMU. The membership is diverse, consisting largely of enthusiastic avocational Egyptologists in the Metroplex area.

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