ANTH 3371/HONR 3303:
Archæology of Classical Greece

Prof. Karl Petruso, Program in Anthropology
Spring Semester 2007

     The books, articles and websites listed below will be useful to you as you prepare your research paper. An effort has been made to include reliable works on broad topics rather than, e.g., specialized archaeological site reports. You will find their bibliographies particularly useful as you explore your chosen topic. Contact Prof. Petruso if you want recommendations for more specialized resources.


Classical archaeology: History, theory, critique

Alcock, Susan. Archaeologies of the Greek Past: Landscsape, Monuments, and Memories. Cambridge UP, 2002
Biers, William. Art, Artefacts, and Chronology in Classical Archaeology. Routledge, 1992
Dyson, Stephen. Ancient Marbles to American Shores: Classical Archaeology in the United States. U of Pennsylvania Press, 1998
Fotiadis, Michael. "Regions of the Imagination: Archaeologists, Local People, and the Archaeological Record in Fieldwork,
Greece."Journal of European Archaeology 1 (1993), pp. 151-170
Kotsakis, Kostas, "The Powerful Past: Theoretical Trends in Greek Archaeology." In Ian Hodder, ed., Archaeological Theory in Europe: The Last Three Decades (New York 1991), pp. 65-90
Morris, Ian. Classical Greece: Ancient Histories and Modern Archaeologies. Cambridge UP, 1994
Osborne, Robin. "Greek Archaeology: A Survey of Recent Work." American Journal of Archaeology 108 (Jan. 2004), pp. 87-102
Redfield, James. "Classics and Anthropology." Arion (Third Series) 1, no. 2, (1991), pp. 5-23
Shanks, Michael. Classical Archaeology of Greece: Experiences of the Discipline. Routledge, 1996
Snodgrass, Anthony. An Archaeology of Greece. U of California Press, 1987
Whitley, James. The Archaeology of Ancient Greece. Cambridge UP, 2001

Balme, M. and G. Lawall, eds. Athenaze (Oxford 1990)   [a textbook of ancient Greek]
Chadwick, J. The Decipherment of Linear B (Cambridge 1958)
Cook, B.F. Greek Inscriptions. U of California Press, 1987
Healey, John. The Early Alphabet. U of California Press, 1990
Jeffery, L.H. The Local Scripts of Archaic Greece. Oxford UP, 1961
Meiggs, Russell and David Lewis, eds. A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions to the End of the Fifth Century B.C. Oxford UP, 1969
Powell, Barry. Homer and the Origin of the Greek Alphabet. Cambridge UP, 1991
Woodhead, A.G. The Study of Greek Inscriptions. Cambridge UP, 1959
Hooker, J.T. Linear B: An Introduction. Bristol, UK, 1980
Jeffery, L.H. The Local Scripts of Archaic Greece. Oxford 1961
Johnston, A. "The Extent and Use of Literacy: The Archaeological Evidence," in Hägg, R., ed., The Greek Renaissance of the Eighth Century B.C.: Tradition and Innovation (Stockholm, 1983), pp. 161-171
Lang, M. Graffiti in the Athenian Agora. Princeton, 1974
Lewis, N. Greek Historical Documents: The Fifth Century B.C. Toronto, 1971
McCarter, P., Jr.The Antiquity of the Greek Alphabet and the Early Phoenician Scripts. Missoula. 1975
Meiggs, R. and D. Lewis, eds. A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions to the End of the Fifth Century B.C. Oxford, 1969
Ventris, M. and J. Chadwick. Documents in Mycenaean Greek. Cambridge 1973
Woodhead, A. The Study of Greek Inscriptions. Cambridge, 1967

Camp, John. The Archaeology of Athens
Camp, John. The Athenian Agora
Hopper, R., The Acropolis. New York, 1971
Hurwit, Jeffrey. The Athenian Acropolis. Cambridge UP, 1999
Hurwit, Jeffrey. The Acropolis in the Age of Pericles. Cambridge UP, 2004
Travlos, J., Pictorial Dictionary of Ancient Athens. Phaidon, 1971
Wycherley, R.E. The Stones of Athens. Princeton UP, 1978

Sanctuaries and religion
Bergquist, B. The Archaic Greek Temenos. Lund, 1967
Berve, H., G. Gruben, and M. Hirmer. Greek Temples, Theaters, and Shrines. New York, 1963
Burkert, Walter. Greek Religion. Harvard UP, 1985
Buxton, Richard, ed. Oxford Readings in Greek Religion. Oxford UP, 2000
Marinatos, Nanno and Robin Hägg, eds. Greek Sanctuaries: New Approaches. Routledge, 1993
Melas, E., ed., Temples and Sanctuaries of Ancient Greece (London 1970)
Parke, H.W. Greek Oracles (London 1967)
Scully, V., The Earth, The Temple, and the Gods (New Haven 1979)
Tomlinson, R., Greek Sanctuaries (New York 1976)

Betancourt, P.The Aeolic Style in Greek Architecture. Princeton, 1977
Camp, J. McK. and W.B. Dinsmoor, Jr. Ancient Athenian Building Methods. Princeton, 1984
Coulton, J.J. Ancient Greek Architects at Work. Ithaca, 1977
Dinsmoor, W.B. The Architecture of Ancient Greec. London, 1950
Doxiadis, C. Architectural Space in Ancient Greece. Cambridge, MA, 1972
Lawrence, A.W.Greek Architecture (Baltimore 1973)
Scranton, R. Greek Architecture (New York 1972)
Scranton, R. "Greek Building," in C. Roebuck, ed., The Muses at Work: Arts, Crafts, and Professions in Ancient Greece and Rome (Cambridge, MA 1969) pp. 2-34
Spawforth, Antony. The Complete Greek Temples. London, 2006
Wycherley, R.E. How the Greeks Built Cities. Norton, 1962

Akurgal, E., The Art of Greece: Its Origins in the Mediterranean and Near East (New York 1968)
Boardman, J., Archaic Greek Gems (Evanston 1968)
Boardman, J., Greek Art (London 1985)
Boardman, J., Greek Sculpture: The Archaic Period (London 1978)
Boardman, J., Pre-Classical: From Crete to Archaic Greece (Harmondsworth 1976)
Higgins, R.A., Greek and Roman Jewelry (Berkeley 1980)
Higgins, R.A., Greek Terracottas (London 1967)
Homann-Wedeking, E., The Art of Archaic Greece (New York 1968)
Pollitt, J., Art and Experience in Classical Greece (Cambridge 1972)
Pollitt, J., The Art of Greece, 1400-31 B.C. Sources and Documents (Englewood Cliffs 1965)
Richter, G.M.A., Handbook of Greek Art (New York 1987)
Richter, G.M.A., Korai: Archaic Greek Maidens (New York 1968)
Richter, G.M.A., Kouroi: Archaic Greek Youths (New York 1960)
Robertson, M., A History of Greek Art (Cambridge 1975)
Schefold, K., The Art of Classical Greece (New York 1967)
Schweitzer, B., Greek Geometric Art (London 1971)

Boardman, J., Athenian Black Figure Vases (London 1974)
Boardman, J., Athenian Red Figure Vases (London 1975)
Boardman, J., "The Athenian Pottery Trade."  Expedition 1979, pp. 33-40
Coldstream, J.N., Greek Geometric Pottery (London 1968)
Cook, R.M., Greek Painted Pottery (London 1972)
Desborough, V., Protogeometric Pottery (Oxford 1952)
Grace, V., Amphoras and the Ancient Wine Trade (Princeton 1979)
Jones, R.E., Greek and Cypriot Pottery: A Review of Scientific Studies (Athens 1986)
Lane, A., Greek Pottery (New York 1948)
Noble, J.V., "Pottery Manufacture," in C. Roebuck, ed., The Muses at Work:   Arts, Crafts, and Professions in Ancient Greece and Rome (Cambridge, MA 1969) pp. 118-146
Noble, J.V., The Techniques of Attic Painted Pottery (New York 1965)
Richter, G.M.A. and M. Milne, Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases (New York 1935)
Richter, G.M.A., The Craft of Athenian Pottery (New Haven 1924)
Sparkes, B. and L. Talcott, Pots and Pans of Classical Athens (Princeton 1970)
Sparkes, B., Greek Pottery: An Introduction (Manchester 1991)
Webster, T.B.L., Potter and Patron in Ancient Athens (London 1972)

Head, B.V., Historia Numorum: A Manual of Greek Numismatics (London 1911)
Jenkins, G.K., Ancient Greek Coins (New York 1972)
Kleiner, F., Greek and Roman Coins in the Athenian Agora (Princeton 1975)
Kraay, C., Archaic and Classical Greek Coins (Berkeley 1976)
Seltman, C., Greek Coins: A History of Metallic Currency and Coinage Down to the Fall of the Hellenistic Kingdoms (London 1933)

Agriculture and foodways
Dalby, Andrew. Siren Feasts: A History of Food and Gastronomy in Greece. Routledge, 1996
Garnsey, Peter. Food and Society in Classical Antiquity. Cambridge UP, 1999
Hanson, Victor Davis. The Other Greeks: The Family Farm and the Agrarian Roots of Western Civilization. Free Press, 1995
Hanson, Victor Davis. Warfare and Agriculture in Classical Greece. U of California Press, 1998
Isager, S. and J.E. Skydsgaard, Ancient Greek Agriculture: An Introduction (London 1992)
Osborne, Robin, Classical Landscape with Figures: The Ancient Greek City and its Countryside (London 1987)
Sparkes, B., "The Greek Kitchen." JHS 82 (1962) pp. 121-137
Sparkes, B., "The Greek Kitchen: Addenda."  JHS 85 (1965) pp. 162-163
Steiner, G., "Farming," in C. Roebuck, ed., The Muses at Work: Arts, Crafts, and Professions in Ancient Greece and Rome (Cambridge, MA 1969) pp. 148-170
Tannahill, Reay, "Classical Greece." Ch. 5 in Food in History , rev. ed. (New York 1988)
van Andel, Tj. and C. Runnels, Beyond the Acropolis: A Rural Greek Past (Stanford 1987)
Vickery, K., Food in Early Greece (Urbana 1936)
White, K.D., Country Life in Classical Times (Ithaca 1977)

Houses, households and daily life
Cahill, Nicholas. Household and City Organization at Olynthus. Yale UP, 2001
Nevett, Lisa. House and Society in the Ancient Greek World. Cambridge UP, 1999
Osborne, Robin. Classical Landscape with Figures: The Ancient Greek City and its Countryside. George Philip, 1987
Walter-Karydi, Elena. The Greek House: The Rise of Noble Houses in Late Classical Times. Archaeological Society at Athens, 1998

Crowther, Nigel B., "Studies in Greek Athletics, Parts I and II." Classical World 78, no. 5 and 79, no. 2 (1985). (A bibliography current to 1985)
Gardiner, E.N., Athletics of the Ancient World (Oxford 1930)
Gardiner, E.N., Greek Athletic Sports and Festivals (London 1910)
Harris, H.A., Greek Athletes and Athletics (Bloomington 1966)
Harris, H.A., Sport in Ancient Greece and Rome (London 1972)
Miller, Stephen, Arete: Greek Sports from Ancient Sources (Berkeley 1991)
Poliakoff, M., Combat Sports in the Ancient World (New Haven 1987)
Raschke, W., ed., The Archaeology of the Olympics (Madison 1988)
Swaddling, J., The Ancient Olympic Games (Austin 1984)
Sweet, W., Sport and Recreation in Ancient Greece (Oxford 1987)

Ancient Greek history and society
Betancourt, P., "The End of the Greek Bronze Age."  Antiquity 50 (1976) pp. 40-47
Boardman, J., The Greeks Overseas: Their Early Colonies and Trade (London 1980)
Burn, A.R., The Lyric Age of Greece (London 1967)
Bury, J.B. and R. Meiggs, A History of Greece to the Death of Alexander the Great (New York 1975)
Coldstream, N., Geometric Greece (London 1977)
Cook, J.M., The Greeks in Ionia and the East (London 1962)
Cook, R.M., The Greeks Until Alexander (London 1962)
Desborough, V., The Greek Dark Ages (London 1972)
Desborough, V., The Last Mycenaeans and Their Successors (Oxford 1964)
Finley, M.I., Ancient Greece: The Bronze and Archaic Ages (New York 1970)
Finley, M.I., The Ancient Greeks (Harmondsworth 1963)
Finley, M.I., The World of Odysseus (Harmondsworth 1967)
Fitzhardinge, L., The Spartans (London 1980)
Forrest, W.G., A History of Sparta, 950-152 B.C. (London 1968)
Gagarin, M., Early Greek Law (Berkeley 1986)
Hägg, R., ed., The Greek Renaissance of the Eighth Century B.C.: Tradition and Innovation (Stockholm 1983)
Hopper, R., The Early Greeks (New York 1977)
Humphreys, S., Anthropology and the Greeks (London 1978)
Hurwit, J., The Art and Culture of Early Greece, 1100-480 B.C. (Ithaca 1985)
Jeffery, L., Archaic Greece: The City-States ca. 700-500 B.C. (London 1976)
Lacey, W.K., The Family in Classical Greece (Ithaca 1968)
Levi, Peter, Atlas of the Greek World (New York 1984)
MacDowell, Douglas, The Law in Classical Athens (Ithaca 1978)
Murray, O., Early Greece (Stanford 1983)
Page, D., History and the Homeric Iliad (Berkeley 1959)
Phillips, E.D., Greek Medicine (London 1973)
Pomeroy, Sarah. Goddesses, Whores, Wives, and Slaves: Women in Classical Antiquity. Schocken, 1995
Snodgrass, A., Archaic Greece: The Age of Experiment (Berkeley 1981)
Snodgrass, A., The Dark Age of Greece (Edinburgh 1971)
Woodhead, A., The Greeks in the West (London 1962)

Roebuck, Carl (ed.). The Muses at Work: Arts, Crafts, and Professions in Ancient Greece and Rome. MIT Press, 1969
Camp, J. McK., The Athenian Agora (London 1986)
Dilke, O., Greek and Roman Maps (London 1985)
Dilke, O., Mathematics and Measurement (London 1987)
Gullberg, E. and P. Åström, The Thread of Ariadne: A Study of Ancient Greek Dress (Göteborg 1970)
Hill, D., "Bronze Working: Sculpture and Other Objects," in C. Roebuck, ed., The Muses at Work: Arts, Crafts, and Professions in Ancient Greece and Rome (Cambridge, MA 1969) pp. 60-95
Lang, M., The Athenian Citizen (Princeton 1960)
Richter, G.M.A., The Furniture of the Greeks, Etruscans, and Romans (London 1966)
Ridgway, B., "Stone Carving: Sculpture," in C. Roebuck, ed., The Muses at Work: Arts, Crafts, and Professions in Ancient Greece and Rome (Cambridge, MA 1969) pp. 96-117
Roebuck, C., "Trading," in C. Roebuck, ed., The Muses at Work: Arts, Crafts, and Professions in Ancient Greece and Rome (Cambridge, MA 1969) pp. 202-224
Thompson, D., An Ancient Shopping Center: The Athenian Agora (Princeton 1971)
Thompson, D., Garden Lore of Ancient Athens (Princeton 1963)
Waldbaum, J., From Bronze to Iron: The Transition from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age in the Eastern Mediterranean (Göteborg 1978)
Webster, T.B.L., Life in Classical Athens (New York 1969)
Wertime, T. and J. Muhly, eds., The Coming of the Age of Iron (New Haven 1980)
White, K.D., Greek and Roman Technology (Ithaca 1984)
Wycherley, R., The Agora of Athens: The History, Shape, and Uses of an Ancient City Center (Princeton 1972)

Theater, theaters and dramatic festivals
Bieber, M. The History of the Greek and Roman Theater (Princeton 1961)
Dinsmoor, W.B. "The Athenian Theater of the Fifth Century." Studies Presented to David   Moore Robinson, vol. I (1951) pp. 309-330
Gebhard, Elizabeth R. "Actors and Acting." in C. Roebuck, ed., The Muses at Work: Arts, Crafts, and Professions in Ancient Greece and Rome (Cambridge, MA 1969) pp. 250-269
Ley, G. A Short Introduction to the Ancient Greek Theater (Chicago 1991)
Pickard-Cambridge, A.W. The Dramatic Festivals of Athens (Oxford 1968)
Pickard-Cambridge, A.W. The Theatre of Dionysus in Athens (Oxford 1946)
Webster, T.B.L. Greek Theatre Production (London 1956)

Music and dance
Comotti, G., Music in Greek and Roman Culture (Baltimore 1990)
Henderson, I., "Ancient Greek Music," in E. Wéllesz, ed., The New Oxford History of Music (London 1966) pp. 336-403
Khalil, A., "Musicians and Music," in C. Roebuck, ed., The Muses at Work:   Arts, Crafts, and Professions in Ancient Greece and Rome (Cambridge, MA 1969) pp. 226-249
Lawler, L., The Dance in Ancient Greece (London 1964)
Maas, M. and J. Snyder, Stringed Instruments of Ancient Greece (New Haven 1989)
West, M.L., Ancient Greek Music (Oxford 1992)

Ships, sailing and naval architecture
Bass, G., ed., A History of Seafaring Based on Underwater Archaeology (London 1972)
Casson, L., Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World (Princeton 1971)
Casson, L., The Ancient Mariners (New York 1959)
Johnston, P., Ship and Boat Models in Ancient Greece (Annapolis 1985)
Morrison, J. and R. Williams, Greek Oared Ships (Cambridge 1968)
Torr, C., Ancient Ships (Cambridge 1894)
Welsh, Frank. Building the Trireme (London 1988)

Warfare and weapons
Adcock, F., The Greek and Macedonian Art of War (Berkeley 1957)
Ahlberg, G., Fighting on Land and Sea in Greek Geometric Art (Lund 1971)
Engels, D., Alexander the Great and the Logistics of the Macedonian Army (Berkeley 1978)
Greenlagh, P., Early Greek Warfare (Cambridge 1973)
Hanson, Victor Davis. The Western Way of War: Infantry Battle in Classical Greece. Oxford UP, 1989
Hanson, Victor Davis. Warfare and Agriculture in Classical Greece. U of California Press, 1998
Pritchett, W.K., Ancient Greek Military Practices (Berkeley, beginning 1971)
Pritchett, W.K., The Greek State at War (Berkeley 1974)
Snodgrass, A.M., Arms and Armour of the Greeks (Edinburgh 1967)
Snodgrass, A.M., Early Greek Armour and Weapons (Edinburgh 1964)
Snodgrass, A.M., "The Hoplite Reform and History." JHS 85 (1965) pp. 110-122
Lawrence, A.W. Greek Aims in Fortification (Oxford 1979)
Winter, F., Greek Fortifications. U of Toronto, 1971

Death and burial
Ahlberg, G., Prothesis and Ekphora in Greek Geometric Art (Göteborg 1971)
Boardman, J. and D. Kurtz, Greek Burial Customs (Ithaca 1971)
Immerwahr, S., Early Burials from the Agora Cemeteries (Princeton 1973)
Morris, I., Burial and Ancient Society: The Rise of the Greek City State (Cambridge 1990)
Morris, I., Death-Ritual and Social Structure in Classical Antiquity (Cambridge 1992)
Richter, G.M.A., The Archaic Gravestones of Attica (London 1961)
Scheibler, I., The Archaic Cemetery (Athens 1973)
Styrenius, C.-G., Submycenaean Studies (Lund 1967)
Vermeule, E., Aspects of Death in Early Greek Art and Poetry (Berkeley 1979)

Oxford Classical Dictionary (abbr. OCD). Alphabetical listing of proper names as well as topical essays; short bibliography for each entry.
Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization. Excellent essays on hundreds of topics, with some illustrations.  
Real-Encyclopädie der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft (also called Pauly-Wissowa; abbr. PW or RE). The primary reference source for all subjects within the realm of classical antiquity. Exists in a 5-volume abridged version (Die kleine Pauly). Articles in German.
Cambridge Ancient History (abbr. CAH). A multi-volume, multi-authored work that is much more than a history. Particularly useful are its articles on the preclassical period. Maps accompany the text; illustrations in separate plates volumes.


The main journals that report on Greek archaeology are the following (many of the foreign-language journals listed below publish some articles in English). Several are available online in full-text format through the UTA Libraries website.

American Journal of Archaeology
Hesperia (journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens)
Annual of the British School at Athens (BSA)
Journal of Hellenic Studies (JHS)
Archaeological Reports (AR)

Bulletin de Correspondance Héllenique
Revue Archéologique (RA)

Jahrbuch des deutschen archäologischen Institut (JdI )
Athenische Mitteilungen (AM)
Archäologischer Anzeiger (AA)

MODERN GREEK:                                    
Athens Annals of Archaeology
(AAA). Articles in Greek have summaries in English, French or German.
Archaiologikon Deltion (Deltion or ArchDelt)
Archaiologikon Ephemeris (AE or ArchEph)
Praktika tes Archaiologikes Etaireias (PAE)

Archaeology of the Prehistoric Aegean (created by Prof. Jeremy Rutter of Dartmouth College to support his undergraduate course in Aegean prehistory. Excellent summary of the Stone and Bronze Ages, with particularly good coverage of Minoan and Mycenaean civilization. Profusely illustrated)
Metis (an extraordinary site, providing virtual, controllable tours of several dozen Greek archaeological sites. Links to written source material)
The Athenian Agora (site and museum; good illustrations of artifacts, architectural plans, etc.)
Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (concise descriptions of the major monuments, topography, history, and cults associated with each site. Seminal bibliographies, including archaeological site reports, for each entry, and some images. Type the name of an ancient site into its search engine)
Perseus Digital Library (digital archive of ancient texts, secondary sources and images of Greek and Roman antiquity)
Ancient World Mapping Project (maps of the ancient world which can be downloaded and printed)


Dallas Museum of Art (a representative collection of Greek sculpture and pottery; excellent collection of ancient jewelry)
Kimbell Museum, Fort Worth (a small but impressive collection of Greek antiquities, well worth seeing)

Overview                    Requirements                    Syllabus