In general, use abbreviations sparingly. Use The University of Texas at Arlington on first reference in textual matter and on the cover of publications. UT Arlington, UTA, and the University are acceptable on subsequent references and in headlines. Do not use periods for UT Arlington or UTA. Do not create a logo using UTA. See usage guidelines for the official University logo.

Scholarly abbreviations should be used only in footnotes or bibliographies. Abbreviations of parts of a book, article, or series of books should be in lowercase.

app., fig., sec., supp., vol.

Abbreviate familiar governmental divisions, agencies, unions, and associations. Use capital letters, omit periods, and do not space between letters.


Less familiar organizations should be written out and their acronyms put in parentheses in first usage. Only after the first reference should the initials be used alone. Use capital letters, omit periods, and do not space between letters.
 If the name of the organization is used only once, no parenthetical reference to the acronym is necessary.

Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB)
Center for Mexican American Studies (CMAS)

Organization of American States (OAS)

Abbreviate and lowercase a.m. and p.m. Use periods but no spaces.

8 a.m.

10:30 p.m.

Abbreviate street, avenue, boulevard, circle, drive, or road in full addresses and abbreviate North, East, West, and South in addresses.

114 N. Third Ave.

Do not abbreviate when referring only to the streets and not a full address.

15th Street 
Second Avenue

Do not abbreviate the names of cities or countries. An exception is St. as an abbreviation for Saint.

St. Louis 

Additionally, when United States is used as an adjective, it may be abbreviated.

U.S. citizen 

Spell out states when used alone, but abbreviate when used with cities. Exception is that Alaska, Hawaii, and states with five letters or less should always be spelled out.

Tallahassee, Fla.
Arlington, Texas

Avoid abbreviations that are unclear, unfamiliar, or awkward.

College of Nursing not CON
College of Liberal Arts not COLA
College of Business not COB

In some instances, years may be abbreviated by the last two digits preceded by an apostrophe (not the opening single quotation mark).

Class of '81 but not Class of ‘81

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