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College of Science

FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions

FAQs for Pre-Health Professional Students



  • Every other Wednesday @ 12pm on Microsoft Teams - Q&A Sessions with the Health Professions Office DATES: 6/17, 7/1, 7/15, 7/29
    • Join the Health Professions Office as we give advice on all pre-health related questions! Use the link above to join on specified Wednesdays @12! 
    • Students can submit questions prior to sessions here!
  • WEDNESDAYS @ 1PM - TXHES Courage Sessions –  view upcoming and past session on TXHES Facebook Page
    • Wednesday June 17 @ 1PM - JAMP/TXHES Courage Session - use this link 

      • Join TXHES as Mr. Paul Hermesmeyer, JAMP Director and Dr. Joel Robles, JAMP Program Coordinator talk about the program!


COVID-19 UPDATES  (ALSO SEE COVID FAQ near bottom of page)

*For more information, check for COVID-19 Updates on UTA's Coronavirus FAQ Page and your specific pre-health, application services, TXHES site, and professional school's webpages*




How can I major in pre-med, pre-dental, pre-health, etc.? Which major is the "best"?

Most schools do not offer a "pre-health" major. Students can major most subjects while completing the pre-requisites for the specific professional school. Common majors include Biology, Chemistry, Biological Chemistry, Psychology, Kinesiology, and Biomedical Engineering. Students should choose a major that interests and motivates them to academically excel while considering back up career options. Keep in mind scheduling of the prerequisites may be challenging with some non-science majors and students still need to show the ability to handle difficult science courses. The most "efficient" and common major for pre-health students is the BS in Biology.  Pre-PT and Pre-OT students typically major in Kinesiology. There is no "fastest" route to becoming a competative pre-health student. The reasoning behind choosing a major is the important factor. (Note: Nursing courses do NOT count for medical, dental, or PA requirements)

Which healthcare career is a good fit for me?

It is important to gain experiences in various fields. Shadow different healthcare professionals and ask what their typical day is like and why they chose this field. There are also several websites and programs that provide great resources: Explore Health Careers, UTA Career Center, SHPEP, Allied Health Career Options 

Who is my advisor?

Pre-Health students seeking a Bachelor's Degree have 2 advisors. A student's main advisor will be their major advisor. The major advisor removes academic holds and helps with class registration. The health professions advisor assists with becoming a competative applicant for health professional schools. Pre-health students that are non-degree seeking (post bacc) students have 1 advisor, the health professions advisor. We also have Peer Mentors available! To book an appointment visit the Advising Page.  

What are the prerequisite courses for medical, dental, pharmacy, and other health professional schools? 

The prerequisites required vary by program. Common courses include General Biology, General Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry, Statistics, Physics, Anatomy & Physiology (for science majors-not Nursing or Kinesiology) Student's should visit the admission’s website of the particular school for a complete list. Additional information regarding prerequisites can be found by visiting your specific pre-health interest page at

Why should I take more than the required prerequisite courses?

Most professional schools encourage a well-rounded curriculum with emphasis on upper level sciences. Completing the bare minimum course requirements will rarely portray you as a competitive applicant. Behavioral and upper level sciences such as Psychology, Sociology, Human Anatomy/Physiology, Genetics, Microbiology, Histology, Cell Physiology, Immunology, and Virology are typically highly recommended if not already required. Humanities courses such as economics, ethics, medical humanities, foreign languages, philosophy, and public speaking are also valuable. Always check with the specific professional school for the specific requirements and recommended courses.  

Can prerequisite courses be taken at Community College/Dual Credit? Are they viewed differently than courses taken at the University level?

There are some lower level courses that are accepted. While it is understandable financially to take  courses at a Community College, it is important to consider how it can effect the future. Students that do well in both Community and University level courses will not have an issue. However, more often  students that complete a majority of their lower level or core courses at a community college struggle with University courses. University level courses are more rigorous due to pace and content level. This can make the transition to a University and course scheduling challenging. Since maintaining a competitive undergraduate GPA and having a good foundation of course content is important, it may be more beneficial to save some, if not all, lower level courses for UTA. Ultimately, it is up to the student to decide what works best for them. It is a red flag when a student takes all the "hard" prerequisite classes at a community college and does not take challanging upper level courses. 

But don’t I need an Associate’s Degree before I can complete my Bachelor’s? 

No. You can complete a Bachelor’s Degree without an Associate’s Degree. If your career goal requires graduate level schooling, it may save time and money to directly complete a Bachelor’s Degree. There is a misconception that obtaining your Associate’s means you only need 2 years of University level courses to obtain your Bachelor’s. This will vary depending on your career goal, major, course load, and how transfer courses are evaluated. Scholarships are available to incoming freshman and current students. Visit our Scholarship Website.

Do I have to complete a Bachelor's Degree?

This will depend on the professional school. Most admissions committees expect (if not require) students to complete a Bachelor's Degree. The only pre-health profession that this is less common is for pre-pharmacy students. Even so, most students that are accpeted have completed their degree. 


What is considered a competative GPA?

Most accepted students have GPAs from 3.5-3.9 with medical schools being on the higher end. It is also important to keep your Science GPA (BCMP: Biology, Chemistry, Math, and Physics) high and have a high standardized test score (MCAT, DAT, PCAT, etc.) in order to be a competitive applicant. Trend is important. If your current GPA is lower than average, 1-2 years of a positive trend in difficult science courses can help. The goal is to make sure you are academically prepared to handle graduate school. Always check with the specific professional school for additional data and information. TMDSAS Statistics

What courses count towards my GPA? 

Every undergraduate college level course you have taken will be used in the GPA calculation for most health professional schools. This includes Dual Credit courses. Even if you repeat a course or have “grade forgiveness/substitution”, ALL college course grades are typically taken into account. Several different GPA’s can be evaluated, such as but not limited to Science, Overall, Graduate, and Post Bacc. A postive trend in more recent and difficult coursework can help offset a rough freshman semester.  

My GPA is lower than the averages. How can I get an acceptance?

While a competative GPA and test score strengthen chances of acceptance, most schools use a holistic approach in evaluating students. Trend in grades is important. If you had a rough early semester but learned from it and have been doing well in more difficult classes, then you have shown a positive trend. Admission Committees also favor well-rounded mature students that have an understanding of the specific field they intend on studying along with strong soft skills. This is why gaining patient care, shadowing, volunteering and research experiences, along with developing leadership skills are important. Other factors include your personal statement/essays, letters of recommendation, and interviewing skills. All pre-health students should become familiar with AAMC’s Core Competencies. While this was designed for pre-medical students, all pre-health student should aim to excel in these areas.

Why should I have to do all these extra things instead of focusing on GPA/MCAT, DAT, etc.? 

Admissions Committees have determined grades and tests are not the only factors that indicate a successful applicant, which is why holistic review is used. These experience help shape a person and offer learning opportunities. They provide evidence of goals and personal characteristics through action instead of just words. 

Shadowing/Healthcare Exp - This provides insight and knowledge in the field and the Healthcare System. Exposes the pros and cons of the field and builds comminication skills while interacting with diverse groups of people. Watch the VIDEO- HOW and WHY to SHADOW

Volunteering - All pre-health students want to "help people". Prove it by WANTING to give your time to benefit someone or something else that means something to you. Gain an understanding of the needs and issues in the world. Volunteering DOES NOT have to only be clinical based! Explore opportunities in the community, clinics and at UTA. 

Leadership - Pre-health students, especially Pre-Med's, claim they want to be the decision maker or leader of the healthcare team. But how many have actually experienced being leader and making decisions that effected others? Effective leadership is a skill that requires experience and practice. Being a SUCCESSFUL officer (not just an officer) of an organization is a good way to start but there are other ways to develop this skill. It can include supervisory roles at a job, church, or volunteer setting. 


How can I gain clinical experience/begin shadowing?

Most professional schools highly recommend (if not expect) healthcare experiences. This is because you can't be sure of what you want to do until you actually experience it! See below for work experience suggestions. Shadowing working professionals in the field is highly recommended. The easiest way to start this is to contact local clinics and see if shadowing is allowed. Start with your own local physician/healthcare professional! Join a Pre-Health Organization! Networking is important. Experiences must be post-high school (exception pre-vet students). Students should also visit our Special Programs, Volunteering, Research and Helpful Resources Research Page.

Clinical Experience Examples: emergency medical technician (EMT), paramedic, nurse, scribe, medical assistant, certified nursing assistant (CNA), emergency room technician (ER tech), physical therapist assistant, phlebotomist, pharmacy technician, dental assisting, and clinical research assistant. Most require certification through a program, therefore getting an early start is essential!

How many hours of "experiences/volunteering" do I need to get into a Health Professional School?

There is typically no set quantity, however, the average accepted student does have upwards of hundreds of hours in different areas. Before stressing out, consider that it is more about the quality and not the quantity of the hours. It is not a checkbox! One student that has 500 hours in shadowing may not be a better applicant than one that has 40. Each student is different and should focus on building an application that portrays a picture of who they are as a person. Over a period of time, hours easily add up. Pre-Vet students are required to have at least 100 hours under a licensed Veteranarian. 


Am I required to have research experience?

Research experience is not required to apply for programs, however, having research experience can benefit your overall application and is a valuable learning experience. It is significant to learn about the process of being in a research lab, conducting a project, and presenting scientific data. There are several undergraduate research opportunities at UTA. If your school of interest is research heavy or you are interested in PhD Dual Degree programs, then you are expected to have research experience. Research experience does not necessarily mean spending hundreds of hours in a lab under a PI. It can be through your own presentation or class project. 

How do I get into research?

One way is to simply contact professors! It is important to network and get to know your professors. Keep in mind research is important and you should not participate in research just "to be competative".  Admissions committees will notice if you used research as a valuable experience or only to “look good” for your application. It is recommended to have some understanding of the professor's research before asking to join their lab. Research experience DOES NOT have to be clinically based! You can also visit our Special Programs, Volunteering, Research and Helpful Resources Research Page.




Where and when do I apply to Medical, Dental, (a Health Profession School)? 

Commonly, students apply near the end of their junior year or the year prior to expected admission. For some, this can be senior year or after. Student should not apply until they are a competative applicant and should become familiar early with the application services available. HELPFUL VIDEO: Gap Year Before Medical Schoo: How to Decide if its Right for You 

Texas Medical, Dental & Veterinary Schools (excluding Baylor, TCU & UIW)   TMDSAS

US Medical Schools & Baylor & TCU (excluding public Texas Schools)           AMCAS

US Dental Schools (excluding Texas)                                             AADSAS

US Osteopathic Schools & UIW (excluding UNT)                             AACOMAS

Physician Assistant Schools                                                          CASPA

Pharmacy Schools                                                                       PharmCAS

Optometry School                                                                        OptomCAS

US Veterinary Schools                                                                  VMCAS

Orthotics & Prosthetics                                                                 OPCAS

Public Health Schools                                                                   SOPHAS

Occupational Therapy & OT Assistant Schools                   OTCAS & OTACAS

Physical Therapy Schools                                                              PTCAS


When should I take the MCAT, PCAT, DAT, GRE, OAT, etc.?

You must take into account the year you plan on entering the professional school, application deadlines, dates the test is offered, and, most important, your level of preparedness. For example, most pre-med students are recommended take the MCAT by April or May of the year they are applying to medical school. (1 year prior to entry year) Pre-Dental students should take the DAT by mid-July if not earlier of their application year. It is highly recommended to have all courses that are topics on the test completed. Most students start intense preparation at least 3-6 months in advance. Contact your health professions advisor if you are unsure when you should schedule your test.


What is the best way to prepare for the MCAT, PCAT, DAT, GRE, OAT, etc.?

This will depend on your learning style. Some resources used by our students are listed on the specific pre-health pages of the Health Professions Website. (You can also use the menu tabs on the right of this page) Do your research to choose the best option for you. It is always beneficial to start early (yes, freshman year) and spread the preparation over several months/years. Do NOT “CRAM”. I encourage students to begin preparing in their General Biology and Chemistry courses.  "Intense Prep" should include taking and reviewing 8-10 practice tests. 


What qualities make a good personal statement/essay?

The personal statement and other required essays are the opportunity to convey the motivation for a field while providing a personal background story. The key is to genuinely reflect on YOUR experiences instead of writing what you think the admissions committees want to read. Additional resources can be found on our LORs, Personal Statement's and Interviewing Page


How and who do I ask for letters of recommendations?

Please visit our LORs, Personal Statement's and Interviewing Page


How can I practice interviewing?

Please visit our LORs, Personal Statement's and Interviewing Page. There are also resources for virtual interviews! 


Should I take a Gap/Growth Year?

The better question is: Are you a competitive applicant ready for graduate school? If you feel that you are ready to be successful graduate student and have a realistic chance of acceptance, apply! If you need to work on improving an area of weakness, a gap or growth year should be considered. A growth year can be a good thing as long as there is mature thought and reasoning put into it. Many students choose to take additional classes, complete a Master’s Program, continue gaining healthcare experiences/volunteering, and/or dedicate more time to study for their admission exam. Just have a plan! HELPFUL VIDEO: Gap Year Before Medical Schoo: How to Decide if its Right for You 




I already have a baccalaureate degree. Am I required to obtain another degree to be accepted into a professional school?

No. If you have graduated from an accredited US or Canadian School, prerequisites can be completed as a non-degree seeking student, sometimes also referred to as a transient/transfer student. You do have the option of obtaining a second degree. The best choice will depend on your unique situation. Students should visit our Post Bacc Page for helpful information.

As a post-bacc student, how do I complete the prereqs as fast as possible?

Time is certainly a factor that should be considered, especially for post bacc students, but building an overall competative application is not a process that can be rushed. Each students timeline will be different and depend on previous classes taken, year the classes were taken, undergrad GPA, current clinical experiences, volunteering, and other experiences. Expect this process to take 1.5-2 years. Setting yourself up for success is the goal. Please review the FAQs in the common FAQ section above.  

What classes are required for this program? Are they offered online?

UTA's program is an unstructured program where classes will be based on each students needs. Post-Bacc Students take the same classes as degree seeking students. Classes are not offered online and are usually during the day. However, several of our lower level science classes offer at least 1 evening section. Required and recommended courses along with information on becoming a competative applicant can be found by visiting your specific pre-health interest page. (You can also use the menu tabs on the right of this page) Please visit our Post-Bacc Page for more information, including admissions

Do schools accept international degrees/students? 

International degrees may be accepted by some Health Professional Schools as long as all the prerequisites are completed at an accredited US school. International students should also check with the schools admissions website if international applicants are accepted. Non-US Schools may be an option for international students. Visit our Post-Bacc Page for more information. 



Should I join a pre-health student organization?

Yes! It is highly recommended that you join a pre-health student organization on campus. Meetings are usually conducted biweekly. You can find information on volunteering opportunities, workshops, and guest speakers. Also, it is a great opportunity to meet students who are on the same path as you! A list of our organizations can be found near the bottom of the Health Professions Website.

 What is the Health Professions Advisor Committee (HPAC) and am I required to apply for it?

Depends. HPAC is a committee of staff and faculty throughout UTA that provides the opportunity to recieve a "committe" letter of recommendation. Most graduate health schools highly recommend (if not require) students to apply to HPAC if their school provides it. Currently, HPAC is available to pre-med and pre-dental students. The HPAC process is meant to help prepare students for their medical or dental school application. If accepted, a letter of recommendation from an HPAC Member is provided. Visit the HPAC Page for additional information.


Where can I get more information? 

Visit the different pages and links on the Health Professions Website! Questions can also be emailed to the Health Professions Advisor - Sandy Hobart -



*For more information, check for COVID-19 Updates on UTA's Coronavirus FAQ Page and your specific pre-health, application services, TXHES site, and professional school's webpages*



    • CASPA -   4/30/2020 - Deadlines vary per school
    • TMDSAS - 5/1/2020 - 10/30/2020 (TRANSMISSIONS START - 6/1/2020) (2021 TIMELINE)
    • AMCAS 5/4/2020 -Deadlines vary per school (TRANSMISSIONS START- 7/10/2020)
    • AACOMAS - 5/5/2020 - Deadlines vary per school (TRANSMISSIONS START- 6/15/2020)
    • AADSAS - 5/12/2020 - Deadlines vary per school (SUBMISSIONS START: Start 6/16/2020; Decisions by schools start 12/15/2020)
    • PHARMCAS - 7/14/2020 - Deadlines vary per school



Will schools and/or special programs such as JAMP be making exceptions for the required courses this cycle?

No. Most classes have not been cancelled but have moved online. JAMP will be accepting P/F for the Spring and Summer terms. Please visit the main JAMP website and UTA's JAMP Page for more information. 

Will Health Professional Schools be accepting P/F grading and online courses for required courses?

Since most Universities have moved online temporarily, most schools will be accepting online courses for this semester and summer if needed. Most will also accept P/F grades but would prefer a letter grade if there is an option. (Read how admissions committees will view a P below)  This will vary per school, therefore, students should continually be keeping up with updates from the schools. Some PA schools are not accepting P/F for prerequisites. 

How will admissions commitees view a P instead of a grade?

If there is an option for a P or a grade and the student chooses the P, other semesters will be looked at more closely. Admissions committees understand the circumstances of this semester are unprecedented and will be looking for other areas to accurately evaluate a student. Students that are doing well in a class (B or above) should opt for the letter grade. (***SEE NOTE BELOW)  Students that are truly struggling because of personal circumstances due to COVID-19 (not just because they do not want to put in the extra work) can opt for the P, but should be prepared to answer why they chose a P over a grade. One semester will not break an application! Students should choose what works best for them during this time. Students should have other indicators of strength in the sciences especially if planning to apply this cycle. Be sure to check specific health professional schools policies. 

***NOTE: If the course is a prerequisite that requires a C or better, a P will not count. If a students opts for the P, they will need to retake the course for a letter grade before taking the next course. This applies to degree and non-degree seeking students.*** Tutoring, the Ideas Center, and free online videos (EX: Khan Academy) are available, but they need to be sought out. Resilience & Adapatabilty    

My admissions test date has been cancelled. Will I be at a disadvantage this cycle compared to other applicants?

Admissions Committees understand many students are having to reschedule their test but recommends rescheduling their test as soon as possible. AAMC has waived all rescheduling fees this cycle and plan on adding more MCAT test dates. Most will not review applications until a test score is received but do plan on spreading out interview invites throughout the cycle. Students can still submit their application without test scores. AACOMAS schools are planning to invite students without an MCAT score if student is competative. Use the extra time to study and prepare essays and secondary's ahead of time! 

My extracurriculars have been cancelled due to the pandemic. Will admissions committees be understanding of the "gap" in my experiences ?

Please keep in mind admissions committees understand COVID-19 has greatly impacted many students circumstances and time. Applications are looked at holistically. One semester will not make or break an application! Only you know what you need to prioritize at this time. However, while most "traditional" experiences are not available, admissions committees will be looking at the non-traditional experiences an applicant WAS doing during this time. Life has not stopped! There are still people (and animals for pre-vet students) in need and learning experiences available, even if in your own home. You are the future essential workers. Now's the time to distinguish the true pre-health students from the application checkboxers. Thinking outside the box is key. Working more hours in the healthcare field, working more to support family, and teaching siblings may be the reality for now and its ok! These are still experiences. Below are some suggestions from admissions committees, health profession advisors, and organizations.

  • Research schools/programs in depth and attend online webinars. Upcoming events/webinars can be found on the Health Professions Page
  • For community service, how about taking that night job at HEB restocking shelves, or delivering groceries in a program that serves those who cannot get out. I predict our committee will be very enthusiastic when we see all of the creative things the applicants are coming up with. - Long SOM
  • Write letters via e-mail of support, well-wishes, prayers, poems, positive vibes, etc. to persons at retirement homes or in hospice as a community service project. Become a pen-pal. 

  • Take or make calls from/to residents at a local retirement or hospice community 

  • Check to see if Meals on Wheels needs more volunteers in your community. Inquire whether other local organizations focused on supporting the elderly need volunteers
  • Virtual Volunteering: 
    • Operation Warm has a list of 25 ways to volunteer virtually
    • invites volunteers to provide online tutoring to “bridge gaps in language, higher education, and professional skills training for conflict-affected individuals”
    •’s nine places to volunteer online and make a real impact
    • If you’ve received crisis hotline training, check to see if your community’s crisis hotline could use additional phone or chat volunteers. Many crisis hotlines are overloaded right now.
    • Work with underserved and under-resourced youth - online tutoring, mentoring, etc. 
  • Research a disease and/or clinical aspect of disease 
  • If shadowing was discontinued, how about spending the time you would have been shadowing with You Tube to learn about taking a cardiac history and doing a heart exam? (Pick an organ system!)
  • Do some pre-health reflection and journaling


Which pre-health services are still available?

All the pre-health services are available including peer mentoring! Please don't hesitate to email or book an appointment with any member of the Health Professions Office. Students interested in JAMP can make an appointment with a JAMP Ambassador. We all want to assist you!